The Spirit of Pentecost
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Asbury Theological Seminary Series:
The Study of World Christian Revitalization
Movements in Pentecostal & Charismatic Studies
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This work shows that Australian Pentecostalism
does not fit the accepted historical and sociological theories
normally associated with the emergence of Pentecostalism worldwide.
The movement grew from three major nineteenth century tributaries.
These were the Wesleyan movement with its emphasis on entire
sanctification; the ministry of John Alexander Dowie with its focus
on divine healing and separation from the world; and the Evangelical
movement, with its fervent and growing desire for revival. This work
traces the origins and development of three extant Pentecostal
denominations — the Assemblies of God, the International Church of
the Foursquare Gospel and the Apostolic Church. While local
leadership was indigenous, there was a strong multicultural element
in these groups. Disputes over doctrine reflected the dilemma that
arises when experience-based approaches to Scripture prove to be in
conflict with each other. Three aspects of the dynamics of the
movement are examined. First, the role of women with the belief that
the Spirit could be given to both men and women equally.
Consequently, women had a unique freedom to preach, administer the
sacraments, and lead churches. Over half of the first thirty
Pentecostal congregations were founded by women. Secondly, for all
its emphasis on the spontaneous work of the Spirit, an analysis of
Pentecostal sermons reveals a range of topics and a primary focus on
the Second Coming, Christian living and the work of the Holy Spirit.
Thirdly, it was their experience of God through the Holy Spirit,
particularly in reference to to the practice of glossolalia, that
motivated the early Australian Pentecostals.
About the Author:
Dr. Barry Chant was
the founding president of Tabor College, Australia (1979-2002) and
Senior Pastor of Wesley International Congregation, Sydney
(2003-2010). He is an ordained minister in the CRC Churches Int.
Hundreds of thousands of his books have been sold around the world
on areas ranging from children’s stories to church history to the
ministry of the Holy Spirit. He is a regular speaker at church
services and conferences. He has degrees in arts, theology and
ministry, a diploma in education and a Ph D in history. His area of
specialty is Australian Pentecostalism. He is married to Vanessa and
they have three adult children and twelve grandchildren.